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OSUG - Terre Univers Environnement OSUG

Séminaire du Jeudi 14 Mars 2013

Genealogy of the solar system

Matthieu Gounelle (MNHN)
Jeudi 14 Mars - 11 h 00
Salle Manuel Forestini - IPAG

When meteorites formed, 4.5 Gyr ago, they contained short-lived radio nuclides (SLRs) such as 26Al (T1/2 = 0.64 Myr), 60Fe (T1/2 = 2.6 Myr) or 182Hf (T1/2 = 9 Myr). The origin of these radio elements and their astrophysical relevance has long been elusive. I will show that the presence of SLRs with a diversity of half-lives in the solar protoplanetary disk is nothing else but the fossilized record of sequential star formation within a hierarchical interstellar medium (ISM). This finding makes it possible to identify the genealogy of our Solar System three star generations backwards. In particular, the past presence of 26Al in meteorites shows that our Sun was born¬together with a few hundred stars ¬ in a dense collected shell situated at a distance of 5-10 pc of a parent massive star having a mass larger than 30 solar masses.

Slides in PDF format

Sous la tutelle de:


Sous la tutelle de:

CNRS Université Grenoble Alpes